Standing Out in the Crowd: Top 35 Questions Asked in Investment Bank Interviews

Are you preparing for an investment bank interview and want to stand out from the crowd? Look no further! Our article covers the top 35 questions asked in investment bank interviews, giving you the knowledge and confidence to impress your potential employer.

Posted May 11, 2023

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If you're looking to pursue a career in investment banking, you must be well-prepared for the rigorous interview process. The competition is fierce, and you need to be able to stand out from the crowd. Here, we have compiled a list of the top 35 questions you are most likely to be asked during an investment bank interview.

Introduction to Investment Bank Interviews

Before we dive into the questions, let's first discuss what investment bank interviews are and what you can expect. Investment banking interviews can be highly competitive, demanding, and stressful. You'll be asked a series of questions that will test your technical skills, knowledge of the industry, and personal characteristics. The interview process can range from a single face-to-face meeting to multiple rounds of interviews. It's important to be well-prepared and confident throughout the entire process.

Additionally, it's important to note that investment bank interviews often involve case studies and presentations. You may be given a hypothetical scenario and asked to analyze it, provide recommendations, and present your findings to the interviewers. This requires not only strong analytical skills but also effective communication and presentation abilities. It's crucial to practice and prepare for these types of exercises in advance to ensure you can showcase your skills and stand out from other candidates.

Why Preparation is Key to Succeed in Investment Bank Interviews

Preparation is the key to succeeding in investment banking interviews. You need to research and understand the company, the role you're applying for, and the industry as a whole. You should practice answering potential interview questions and be able to articulate your experiences and accomplishments effectively. It's also important to prepare mentally and physically, ensuring you're in the right mindset and appearance to convey confidence and professionalism.

Another important aspect of preparation for investment banking interviews is networking. It's essential to build relationships with professionals in the industry and learn about their experiences and insights. This can help you gain a better understanding of the industry and the company you're applying to, as well as potentially provide you with valuable connections and referrals.

Additionally, it's important to stay up-to-date on current events and trends in the industry. This can demonstrate your knowledge and interest in the field, and also help you anticipate potential questions or topics that may come up in the interview. Reading industry publications, attending conferences or events, and following relevant social media accounts can all be helpful in staying informed.

The Different Types of Interview Questions Asked in Investment Banking

Investment banking interviews can be categorized into two types of questions - technical and behavioral. Technical questions evaluate your understanding of finance and accounting concepts, analytical skills, and problem-solving abilities. Behavioral questions, on the other hand, assess your personal characteristics, strengths, and weaknesses.

It is important to prepare for both types of questions in an investment banking interview. Technical questions may include topics such as financial modeling, valuation, and market analysis. Behavioral questions may ask about your leadership experience, ability to work in a team, and how you handle stress and pressure. It is also common for interviewers to ask situational questions, where you are given a hypothetical scenario and asked how you would handle it. By preparing for both technical and behavioral questions, you can demonstrate your knowledge and skills, as well as your ability to work well with others and handle challenging situations.

Technical Questions asked in Investment Bank Interviews

Technical questions in investment banking interviews can be the most challenging and demanding. Here are some examples:

1. What are the three primary financial statements, and what is the purpose of each?

2. What is the difference between an income statement and a balance sheet?

3. What is a discounted cash flow analysis, and why is it important?

4. What is the meaning of WACC, and how is it calculated?

5. Can you explain the concept of beta?

It's important to have a solid understanding of finance and accounting concepts and demonstrate your ability to apply them practically.

Behavioral and Situational Questions asked in Investment Bank Interviews

Behavioral and situational questions are designed to assess your personal characteristics, interests, and motivations. They include questions such as:

1. Can you tell me about a time when you faced a challenging situation?

2. How do you handle stress and pressure?

3. What are your strengths and weaknesses, and how do they impact your work?

4. Can you give an example of how you work effectively in a team?

5. Why do you want to work in investment banking?

It's important to provide specific examples that showcase your abilities and values.

Common Mistakes to Avoid During Investment Bank Interviews

There are several common mistakes that candidates make during investment banking interviews, such as:

1. Failing to research the company, role, and industry.

2. Being unprepared for technical questions.

3. Failing to demonstrate confidence and professionalism.

4. Not asking relevant or thoughtful questions.

5. Being unable to explain your previous work experiences and accomplishments.

Avoid making these mistakes by properly preparing and practicing your responses.

Tips for Answering Tough Investment Banking Interview Questions

Answering tough investment banking interview questions requires careful thought and preparation. Here are a few tips:

1. Listen carefully to the question and clarify any doubts.

2. Take a moment to think before answering.

3. Structure your answer logically.

4. Use specific examples to showcase your abilities and experiences.

5. Stay calm and composed throughout the interview.

How to Demonstrate Your Knowledge of the Industry During the Interview

It's essential to demonstrate your knowledge of the investment banking industry during the interview. Here are some ways to do so:

1. Stay up to date with current events and trends in the industry.

2. Understand the company's history, strategy, and culture.

3. Research potential competitors and their strengths and weaknesses.

4. Prepare thoughtful and relevant questions about the company and industry.

Demonstrating your knowledge of the industry showcases your interest and passion for the field.

The Importance of Confidence and Body Language During the Interview

Confidence and body language play a crucial role in the interview process. Here are some ways to convey confidence:

1. Maintain eye contact with the interviewer.

2. Sit up straight and retain good posture.

3. Speak clearly and confidently.

4. Use hand gestures to emphasize your points.

By conveying confidence through your body language, you demonstrate professionalism and a belief in your abilities.

How to Prepare for a Phone or Video Interview with an Investment Bank

Phone and video interviews are becoming increasingly common in investment banking. Here's how to prepare:

1. Practice speaking clearly and concisely.

2. Test your microphone and webcam before the interview.

3. Dress professionally for the interview.

4. Choose a quiet and well-lit location for the interview.

5. Make sure you have a stable internet connection.

By properly preparing for the unique aspects of phone and video interviews, you will be able to perform at your best.

Strategies for Navigating Group or Panel Interviews with an Investment Bank

Group or panel interviews can be intimidating; however, there are strategies that can help you navigate these types of interviews:

1. Make eye contact with each member of the group.

2. Speak in a clear and concise manner.

3. Use your body language to engage with each panel member.

4. Take turns answering questions, but don't be afraid to speak up.

5. Maintain your professionalism and stay calm throughout the process.

By demonstrating your ability to effectively communicate with a group, you showcase your collaborative skills and a willingness to work with a team.

What to Wear and How to Dress for an Investment Banking Interview

Dressing professionally is essential for investment banking interviews. Here are some suggestions:

1. Wear a suit or business attire.

2. Choose neutral colors and conservative styles.

3. Avoid flashy or distracting accessories.

4. Make sure your clothes fit well and are comfortable.

By dressing professionally, you demonstrate your respect for the interview process and your interest in the role.

The Role of Networking in Securing an Investment Banking Job

Networking plays a crucial role in securing an investment banking job. Here are some ways to network effectively:

1. Attend career fairs and industry events.

2. Connect with alumni and professionals in the industry.

3. Join relevant industry associations and groups.

4. Use social media to connect with recruiters and industry professionals.

Networking can help you stand out and build relationships with professionals in the industry.

Understanding the Hiring Process of an Investment Bank

Understanding the hiring process of an investment bank can help you navigate the process more effectively. The hiring process can include:

1. An initial resume or application screening.

2. A phone or video interview.

3. In-person interviews.

4. Aptitude testing.

5. An offer or rejection.

By understanding the hiring process, you can tailor your approach and communicate more effectively with recruiters.

The Benefits and Rewards of a Career in Investment Banking

A career in investment banking can be highly rewarding and offer many benefits. Some of these benefits include:

1. Competitive compensation packages.

2. Opportunities for advancement and growth.

3. Exposure to top-level executives and industry leaders.

4. Diverse and challenging work experiences.

5. The opportunity to work on high profile deals and projects.

An investment banking career can offer many opportunities for personal and professional growth.

Top 5 Skills Required for a Successful Career in Investment Banking

Successful careers in investment banking require a specific set of skills. Here are some of the most important skills:

1. Strong analytical and quantitative skills.

2. Excellent communication and interpersonal skills.

3. Critical thinking and problem-solving abilities.

4. Attention to detail and the ability to work under pressure.

5. Strong work ethic and a desire to learn and grow.

By developing and showcasing these skills, you can position yourself as a top candidate for investment banking roles.

Salary Expectations and Compensation Packages in the Investment Banking Industry

Compensation packages in investment banking can be very lucrative. Here are some average salaries for different roles in investment banking:

1. Analyst - $85,000 - $100,000

2. Associate - $150,000 - $250,000

3. Vice President - $250,000 - $400,000

4. Managing Director - $500,000 - $1.5 million

It's important to research and understand the compensation package for roles you're interested in pursuing.

What to Expect After You've Submitted Your Application: Follow-Up Tips

After submitting your application, there are several follow-up tips you can use to stay top-of-mind with recruiters:

1. Send a thank you email after the interview.

2. Follow up with a phone call or email to check on the status of your application.

3. Stay connected with recruiters on social media.

4. Attend industry events or conferences.

Staying top-of-mind with recruiters can help you stand out from other candidates and remain competitive.

Commonly Asked Personal Questions During an Investment Banking Interview

Investment banking interviews can include personal questions designed to assess your values, interests, and motivations. Here are some commonly asked personal questions:

1. What are your long-term career goals?

2. Can you tell me about a time you failed, and how did you overcome the setback?

3. What extracurricular activities are you involved in?

4. Why should we hire you over other candidates?

5. What do you do in your free time?

Be honest and authentic in your responses to personal questions, while also showcasing your skills and experiences effectively.


Investment banking interviews can be challenging, but proper preparation and knowledge can help you stand out from the crowd. By understanding the types of questions you're likely to be asked, developing your skills, and communicating effectively, you can position yourself as a strong candidate for roles in investment banking.

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