How to Solve Sentence Correction Questions in the GMAT Verbal Section

Learn how to ace the Sentence Correction questions in the GMAT Verbal section with our comprehensive guide.

Posted May 24, 2023

If you're planning on taking the GMAT exam, you need to prepare yourself for the Verbal Section. Among the different types of questions that you'll be answering in this section, Sentence Correction questions are crucial, for they carry a considerable weightage. In this article, we'll be providing you with useful tips, strategies, and examples to help you solve Sentence Correction questions in the GMAT Verbal Section.

Understanding the GMAT Verbal Section

The GMAT Verbal Section tests your command of standard written English, critical thinking, and reasoning abilities. It consists of three types of questions: Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and Sentence Correction. Out of these, Sentence Correction questions test your grammatical knowledge and sentence construction abilities. These questions contain a fragment of a given sentence, and you'll need to identify the errors in the construction, tense, or other writing conventions and correct them.

It is important to note that the GMAT Verbal Section is not just about testing your language skills, but also your ability to analyze and interpret complex information. The Reading Comprehension questions require you to read and understand passages on various topics, ranging from social sciences to natural sciences. Critical Reasoning questions test your ability to evaluate arguments and draw conclusions based on the information provided. Therefore, it is essential to develop a strong reading habit and practice critical thinking skills to excel in the GMAT Verbal Section.

Importance of Sentence Correction Questions in the GMAT Exam

The Sentence Correction questions in the GMAT Verbal Section carry a considerable weightage, and your ability to answer them correctly can significantly affect your overall score. These questions are not just tests of grammar but also of your writing skills, including clarity, conciseness, and coherence. Moreover, since these questions are objective, there's no room for ambiguity, and you'll need to present your answer in a definitive manner.

One of the key skills that Sentence Correction questions test is your ability to identify and correct errors in sentence structure. This is an essential skill for effective communication, both in written and spoken form. By mastering Sentence Correction questions, you'll be able to communicate your ideas more clearly and effectively, which can be a significant advantage in both your personal and professional life.

Another important aspect of Sentence Correction questions is that they require you to think critically and analytically. You'll need to carefully analyze each sentence and identify any errors or weaknesses in its structure. This type of analytical thinking is a valuable skill in many areas of life, including business, science, and politics, and can help you make better decisions and solve complex problems more effectively.

Common Types of Sentence Correction Questions in GMAT Verbal Section

The Sentence Correction questions in the GMAT Verbal Section typically test seven primary areas: Subject-verb Agreement, Pronoun Agreement, Parallelism, Modifiers, Tense, Idiom, and Diction. A good way to prepare for these questions is to have a solid understanding of these areas.

Subject-verb agreement is one of the most common areas tested in Sentence Correction questions. These questions typically involve identifying the correct verb form that agrees with the subject in terms of number and person. Pronoun agreement questions, on the other hand, test your ability to identify the correct pronoun form that agrees with its antecedent in terms of number, gender, and person.

Another important area tested in Sentence Correction questions is parallelism. These questions typically involve identifying the correct parallel structure in a sentence, which means ensuring that the sentence elements that are being compared or contrasted are grammatically and structurally similar. Modifiers, tense, idiom, and diction are other areas that are commonly tested in Sentence Correction questions, and it is important to have a good understanding of these areas in order to perform well on the GMAT Verbal Section.

Tips to Identify Grammatical Errors in Sentence Correction Questions

When solving Sentence Correction questions in the GMAT Verbal Section, it can be challenging to identify the grammatical errors, especially if you're unfamiliar with the rules of English grammar. Here are some tips to help you spot the errors:

  • Read the entire sentence thoroughly to ensure you understand its meaning.
  • Identify the main subject and verb of the sentence.
  • Look for inconsistencies in tense, subject-verb agreement, and pronoun use.
  • Determine if the sentence is clear, concise, and effectively conveys its message.

Another useful tip is to pay attention to the context of the sentence. Sometimes, a grammatically correct sentence may not make sense in the given context. Therefore, it's essential to consider the context and ensure that the sentence fits logically with the rest of the passage.

Additionally, it's crucial to be aware of common grammatical errors, such as misplaced modifiers, parallelism errors, and faulty comparisons. Familiarizing yourself with these errors can help you quickly identify them in Sentence Correction questions and avoid falling into the trap of selecting an incorrect answer choice.

Strategies to Improve Your Sentence Correction Skills for GMAT Exam

If you want to improve your skills in Sentence Correction, you'll need to devote some time and effort to it. Besides learning the grammar rules, you can follow these strategies:

  • Read extensively and try to identify the grammar rules in the literature you read.
  • Practice regularly with GMAT Official Question Bank and other resources.
  • Review your mistakes and try to understand why you got the answer wrong.
  • Learn from your mistakes and try not to repeat them in the future.

Another strategy to improve your Sentence Correction skills is to take a GMAT prep course. These courses are designed to help you understand the grammar rules and provide you with practice questions to reinforce your learning. Additionally, you can receive feedback from instructors on your mistakes and learn how to avoid them in the future.

It's also important to develop a systematic approach to Sentence Correction questions. This means breaking down the sentence into its constituent parts, identifying the errors, and selecting the best answer choice. By following a consistent process, you can avoid getting overwhelmed by the complexity of the sentence and increase your accuracy.

Examples of Sentence Correction Questions with Explanations

The best way to understand Sentence Correction questions is to practice with examples. Here, we'll provide you with a sample question and an explanation:

It's important to note that Sentence Correction questions are not just about grammar rules, but also about clarity and conciseness. In some cases, a sentence may be grammatically correct but still unclear or wordy. Therefore, when practicing Sentence Correction questions, it's important to consider not only the grammar rules but also the overall effectiveness of the sentence.

Another common type of error in Sentence Correction questions is the use of incorrect idioms or expressions. For example, using "comprised of" instead of "composed of" or "consists of" is a common mistake. It's important to be familiar with common idioms and expressions and to use them correctly in your writing.

Using Process of Elimination to Solve Sentence Correction Questions on GMAT Exam

A useful technique to solve Sentence Correction questions in the GMAT Verbal Section is the "Process of Elimination." Start by looking for the most obvious error; then, eliminate any options that don't coincide with this error. Review the remaining options to determine the best answer, ensuring that the sentence construction, grammar rules, and meaning are correct.

It is important to note that the Process of Elimination technique should not be used as the sole method for solving Sentence Correction questions. It is essential to have a strong understanding of grammar rules and sentence construction to identify errors accurately. Additionally, it is crucial to read the entire sentence and understand the intended meaning before selecting an answer. Using the Process of Elimination in conjunction with a solid understanding of grammar rules and sentence construction can lead to success in the Sentence Correction section of the GMAT exam.

Importance of Time Management in Solving GMAT Sentence Correction Questions

Time management is an essential aspect of the GMAT Verbal Section, and you need to ensure that you're answering the questions within the specified time limit. Each question has an average time of about 1.5 minutes to 2 minutes. You can improve your speed by practicing regularly, analyzing your strengths and weaknesses, and devising a strategy that works well for you.

Moreover, time management is crucial in solving GMAT Sentence Correction questions. These questions require you to identify and correct grammatical errors in a given sentence. You need to read the sentence carefully, identify the error, and choose the correct answer option within the allotted time. If you spend too much time on one question, you may not have enough time to answer the remaining questions, which can affect your overall score. Therefore, it is essential to manage your time effectively while solving GMAT Sentence Correction questions.

Practicing with Official GMAT Question Bank for Sentence Correction Preparation

The best way to prepare yourself for Sentence Correction questions in the GMAT Verbal Section is to practice regularly with GMAT Official Question Bank and other resources. Review your mistakes, learn from them, and try not to repeat them. Ultimately, your goal is to develop a strong conceptual understanding of grammar and sentence construction, which will enable you to answer these questions with confidence and accuracy.

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